What does select top 1 mean in SQL?

SELECT TOP 1 Means Selecting the very 1st record in the result set. SELECT 1 Means return 1 as the result set.

How do I get top 1 in SQL?

SQL Server SELECT TOP

  1. SELECT TOP (expression) [PERCENT] [WITH TIES] FROM table_name ORDER BY column_name;
  2. SELECT TOP 10 product_name, list_price FROM production.products ORDER BY list_price DESC;
  3. SELECT TOP 1 PERCENT product_name, list_price FROM production.products ORDER BY list_price DESC;

What select 1 means?

The statement ‘select 1’ from any table name means that it returns only 1. For example, If any table has 4 records then it will return 1 four times.

How do you select top 1 record in each group in SQL?

[InventoryAllocations] ORDER BY ROW_NUMBER() OVER(PARTITION BY DocumentID ORDER BY [RecordTimeStamp] DESC); TOP 1 works with WITH TIES here. WITH TIES means that when ORDER BY = 1 , then SELECT takes this record (because of TOP 1 ) and all others that have ORDER BY = 1 (because of WITH TIES ).

What is the difference between top 1 and top 1 1 in SQL query?

If there is no manager, the request returns NULL. SELECT TOP 1 1 will select exactly 0 or 1 1 s. SELECT 1 will select 1 exactly N rows, where N is the number of rows that match your criteria.

What is the difference between select * and select 1?

There is one essential difference between the use of SELECT * and SELECT 1. SELECT * will expand the column list and then throw what isn’t needed out. … The compilation of the query will simply determine which columns are relevant and to be used. With SELECT 1, this step isn’t performed during compilation..

How do you select the top 5 values in SQL?

SQL SELECT TOP Clause

  1. SQL Server / MS Access Syntax. SELECT TOP numberpercent column_name(s) FROM table_name;
  2. MySQL Syntax. SELECT column_name(s) FROM table_name. LIMIT number;
  3. Example. SELECT * FROM Persons. LIMIT 5;
  4. Oracle Syntax. SELECT column_name(s) FROM table_name. WHERE ROWNUM <= number;
  5. Example. SELECT * FROM Persons.

How do you select top 10 values in SQL?

Example – Using TOP PERCENT keyword SELECT TOP(10) PERCENT contact_id, last_name, first_name FROM contacts WHERE last_name = ‘Anderson’ ORDER BY contact_id; This SQL SELECT TOP example would select the first 10% of the records from the full result set.

What does limit 1 do in SQL?

The LIMIT clause can be used to constrain the number of rows returned by the SELECT statement. LIMIT takes one or two numeric arguments, which must both be nonnegative integer constants (except when using prepared statements).

What is the use of 1 1 in SQL?

The 1=1 is ignored by always all rdbms. There is no tradeoff executing a query with WHERE 1=1. Building dynamic WHERE conditions, like ORM frameworks or other do very often, it is easier to append the real where conditions because you avoid checking for prepending an AND to the current condition.

What does 1 mean in SQL?

WHERE 1 is a synonym for true or everything. It’s a shortcut so they don’t have to remove the where clause from the generated SQL.

What does SELECT 1 from dual mean?

In your case, SELECT 1 FROM DUAL; will simply returns 1 . You need it because the INSERT ALL syntax demands a SELECT clause but you are not querying the input values from a table.

Can we use top with Group By clause?

A Top N query is one that fetches the top records, ordered by some value, in descending order. Typically, these are accomplished using the TOP or LIMIT clause. … The GROUP BY clause can help with that, but it is limited to the single top result for each group.

How do you display the first record in a table?

To get the first and last record, use UNION. LIMIT is also used to get the number of records you want.

How do you select the first row of a group in Excel?

On the Data tab, in the Outline group, click Group. Then in the Group dialog box, click Rows, and then click OK. Tip: If you select entire rows instead of just the cells, Excel automatically groups by row – the Group dialog box doesn’t even open.

How do I select only the top 1 row in SQL?

The SQL SELECT TOP Clause

  1. SQL Server / MS Access Syntax: SELECT TOP numberpercent column_name(s) FROM table_name. …
  2. MySQL Syntax: SELECT column_name(s) FROM table_name. …
  3. Oracle 12 Syntax: SELECT column_name(s) FROM table_name. …
  4. Older Oracle Syntax: SELECT column_name(s) …
  5. Older Oracle Syntax (with ORDER BY): SELECT *

What does TOP mean in SQL?

Introduction. The TOP clause allows us to limit the result set of the queries according to the number of rows or the percentage of rows. In general, the TOP and ORDER BY construction are used together. Otherwise, the TOP clause will return the N number of rows in an uncertain order.

What is the difference between count 1 and count (*)?

The difference is simple: COUNT(*) counts the number of rows produced by the query, whereas COUNT(1) counts the number of 1 values. … This is because the database can often count rows by accessing an index, which is much faster than accessing a table.

What does SELECT * from do?

An asterisk ( * ) can be used to specify that the query should return all columns of the queried tables. SELECT is the most complex statement in SQL, with optional keywords and clauses that include: The FROM clause, which indicates the table(s) to retrieve data from.

What is the difference between SELECT and SELECT * in SQL?

SELECT * will return 100 columns * 10 bytes worth of data while SELECT ColA, ColB, ColC will return 3 columns * 10 bytes worth of data. This is a huge size difference in the amount of data that is being passed back across the wire.

What does SELECT 0 mean in SQL?

What does SELECT 0 mean in the SQL statement generated by Core Data? … A field name of 0 in the select statement means: This field is not in the specified table, so if you want to use the specified table in the subquery with this field, you add the field in this way and initialize the field with 0.

How do I get top 10 in MySQL?

To select first 10 elements from a database using SQL ORDER BY clause with LIMIT 10. Insert some records in the table using insert command. Display all records from the table using select statement. Here is the alternate query to select first 10 elements.

How do I find the highest 3 values in SQL?

In sql server you could do select top 3 * from Test order by f1 desc . Other DBMS’s have similar posibilities such as MySql’s limit , Oracle’s rownum etc.

How can I get top 3 salary in SQL?

  1. TOP keyword SELECT TOP 1 salary FROM (SELECT TOP 3 salary FROM Table_Name ORDER BY salary DESC) AS Comp ORDER BY salary ASC.
  2. limit SELECT salary FROM Table_Name ORDER BY salary DESC LIMIT 2, 1.
  3. by subquery. SELECT salary FROM (SELECT salary FROM Table_Name ORDER BY salary DESC LIMIT 3) AS Comp ORDER BY salary LIMIT 1;

How do I get top 10 records in SQL Developer?

Returning TOP N Records

  1. Microsoft SQL Server SELECT TOP 10 column FROM table.
  2. PostgreSQL and MySQL SELECT column FROM table LIMIT 10.
  3. Oracle SELECT column FROM table WHERE ROWNUM <= 10.
  4. Sybase SET rowcount 10 SELECT column FROM table.
  5. Firebird SELECT FIRST 10 column FROM table.

How do I get last 3 records in SQL?

SELECT * FROM (select * from suppliers ORDER BY supplier_name DESC) suppliers2 WHERE rownum <= 3 ORDER BY rownum DESC; Notice that although you want the last 3 records sorted by supplier_name in ascending order, you actually sort the supplier_name in descending order in this solution.

How do I get the first 10 rows in SQL?

The ANSI SQL answer is FETCH FIRST . If you want ties to be included, do FETCH FIRST 10 ROWS WITH TIES instead. To skip a specified number of rows, use OFFSET , e.g. Will skip the first 20 rows, and then fetch 10 rows.

How do I select a specific row in SQL?

To select rows using selection symbols for character or graphic data, use the LIKE keyword in a WHERE clause, and the underscore and percent sign as selection symbols. You can create multiple row conditions, and use the AND, OR, or IN keywords to connect the conditions.

How do I select last data in SQL?

to get the last row of a SQL-Database use this sql string: SELECT * FROM TableName WHERE id=(SELECT max(id) FROM TableName);

What is offset and limit?

LIMIT ALL is the same as omitting the LIMIT clause. OFFSET says to skip that many rows before beginning to return rows. … If both OFFSET and LIMIT appear, then OFFSET rows are skipped before starting to count the LIMIT rows that are returned.