What are the top of castle towers called?

3 Answers. It’s a battlement or crenellation. This consists of a parapet (a short wall on top of a roof) with cops or merlons (the solid parts) and crenels or embrasures (the parts you can look through or fire arrows through).

What is the top of a turret called?

When the height of a roof turret exceeds its width it is usually called a tower or steeple in English architecture, and when the height of a ridge turret’s roof exceeds its width, it is called a spire in English architecture or a flche in French architecture.

What is the difference between a tower and a turret?

A tower could be any building that is very tall. But a turret is more of a tall building that is smaller and has lots of windows usually. Turrets used to be used for war and had weapons in them but now the word is used to just describe the building style.

What is the tower for in a castle?

Medieval Castle Tower Summary A medieval castle tower had central importance in the castle parts used for its defence. Medieval castle towers came in various shapes and served a variety of purposes. Although the central purpose of these towers was defence, they could also be used for storage and imprisonment purposes.

What is a small castle called?

A keep (from the Middle English kype) is a type of fortified tower built within castles during the Middle Ages by European nobility.

What are the small windows in a castle called?

embrasures Hi susanna – usually the outer walls of the castle or fortress don’t really have windows but small openings, usually for arrows or other weapons. These are called arrowslits or embrasures.

What is the outer wall of a castle called?

An outer bailey or outer ward is the defended outer enclosure of a castle. It protects the inner bailey and usually contains those ancillary buildings used for the management of the castle or the supply of its occupants.

What are the parts of a tower?

List Of Cooling Tower Components:

  • Instrumentation and Electrical Systems.
  • Cooling Tower Fan Motor.
  • Nozzles.
  • Distribution Valves.
  • Drive Shafts.
  • Gear Box.
  • Cooling Tower Louvers.
  • Fan Deck.

What is a crenellated tower?

Crenellation is a feature of defensive architecture, most typically found on the battlements of medieval castles. A battlement is a low, defensive parapet. The act of crenellation is the cutting of crenels into a previously solid and straight parapet wall.

Why do castles have round towers?

Round towers, also called drum towers, are more resistant to siege technology such as sappers and projectiles than square towers. The round front is more resistant than the straight side of a square tower, just as a load-bearing arch.

Why do Victorian houses have turrets?

Turrets were first used in castles and other large buildings for defense. Not to be confused with a tower, turrets are curved rooms that are built into a building, while towers start at the ground. … Turrets were revived during Victorian times with the Queen Anne Revival architectural style.

What is a round room on a house called?

A rotunda (from Latin rotundus) is any building with a circular ground plan, and sometimes covered by a dome. It may also refer to a round room within a building (a famous example being the one below the dome of the United States Capitol in Washington, D.C.). … A band rotunda is a circular bandstand, usually with a dome.

What is the purpose of a tower?

The principal function is the use of their height to enable various functions to be achieved including: visibility of other features attached to the tower such as clock towers; as part of a larger structure or device to increase the visibility of the surroundings for defensive purposes as in a fortified building such …

How thick are castle tower walls?

The height of walls varied widely by castle, but were often 2.56 m (8.219.7 ft) thick. They were usually topped with crenellation or parapets that offered protection to defenders.

What are the up and down bits on a castle called?

These gaps are termed crenels (also known as carnels, or embrasures), and a wall or building with them is called crenellated; alternative (older) terms are castellated and embattled. The act of adding crenels to a previously unbroken parapet is termed crenellation.

What are 4 types of castles?

Use the links below to read through the information on each of the four different types of Medieval castles; Motte and Bailey, Concentric, Shell Keep and Square Keep.

What are 3 types of castles?

The three main types of castles are the motte and bailey castle, the stone keep castle, and the concentric castle.

What are the different parts of a castle called?

Castle features

  • The Towers. These tall, round or square structures were built into the length or corners of the castle walls. …
  • The Gate. The entrance was often the weakest part in a castle. …
  • The Bailey or Ward. …
  • The Keep or Donjon. …
  • The Curtain Walls. …
  • The Moat. …
  • The Battlement.

What is a window in a tower called?

An embrasure is the opening in a battlement between the two raised solid portions, referred to as crenel or crenelle in a space hollowed out throughout the thickness of a wall by the establishment of a bay. … There are embrasures especially in fortified castles and bunkers.

What is a loophole in a castle?

At first, loopholes were thin vertical openings in the walls of a castle and had a limited field of vision, but they became more advanced with the addition of horizontal openings, which allowed those inside the castle to see the potential attackers before they enter range.

What is a portcullis in a castle?

Definition of portcullis : a grating of iron hung over the gateway of a fortified place and lowered between grooves to prevent passage.

What are curtain walls on a castle?

The curtain, a feature common to mast medieval castles, was simply a set of walls that surrounded and protected the interior of the castle. Walls were often connected by a series of towers or mural towers to add strength and provide for better defense of the ground outside the castle.

What is a castle wall?

A castle wall was designed to act as a first line of defence against attack. Early castles were built on a mound, or motte. … The wall was called a curtain wall. It often had a number of towers along it. Each tower protruded from the wall so that soldiers could fire on those trying to scale the walls.

What is a bailey wall?

A bailey is the sturdy wall around a castle that keeps invaders out. The bailey of a medieval castle was usually built of stone. You might see a bailey or the remains of one if you tour a castle in England or France.

What are the 2 main parts of a tower?

Main parts of tower

  • Landscape towers.
  • Field Tower.

How are towers built?

Skyscrapers are created using a steel skeleton structure. Giant girder grids are formed by riveting metal beams end to end to form vertical columns. At each floor, the vertical columns are connected to horizontal girder beams to help strengthen and reinforce the structure.

What are the components of tower crane?

Tower Crane Parts

  • Tower crane mast.
  • Tower crane jib.
  • Tower crane counter jib.
  • Tower crane counterweight.
  • Tower crane ballast.
  • Tower crane trolley.
  • Tower crane hook.
  • Operator Cabin.

What is a battlement in a castle?

: a parapet with open spaces that surmounts a wall and is used for defense or decoration.

What are castle parapets?

A parapet originally meant a defensive mini-wall made of earth or stone that was built to protect soldiers on the roof of a fort or a castle. Now it indicates any low wall along the roof of a building, the edge of a balcony, the side of a bridge, or similar structure.

What is a Merlon in a castle?

A merlon is a solid, vertical part of the wall of a fort or a battlement. The narrow opening or tiny window in a merlon is called an embrasure slit. Merlons are always solid, and often they are the upright, pointed sections of a parapet or fortification wall.